CHAPTER 2

Learning Theory Through the Lens of ISD

KEY CHAPTER CONCEPTS

• The science of learning theory

• The link between psychology and learning

• The several different theories of how learning takes place, including:

∘ Behaviorism

∘ Neo-behaviorism

∘ Cognitivism

∘ Constructivism

∘ Connectivism

∘ Socioculturalism

• Cognition as a process

• Metacognition and the process of learning to learn

• Cognitive psychology and its role in instructional design

• The several major differences between pedagogy and andragogy

• Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

• Bloom’s Taxonomy

• Gagné’s hierarchy of learning and its role in ISD

• The design differences between teacher- and learner-centered learning approaches

• Learning styles

• Gardner’s multiple intelligences ...

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