1856 The first patent law was enacted in India, based on the British Patents Act 1852, giving protection for 14 years.
1858 In Japan, the Tokugawa Shogunate government opened the country to foreign trade.
1868 In Japan, the Meiji Restoration returning power to the Imperial House started the process of modernising the country.
1883–1884 The Paris Convention for the protection of industrial property was signed, and came into force in 1894 with 14 member states. Most countries in the world are now members.
1885 Japan introduced the Tokkyo Senbai Jorei, its first effective patent law.
1886 The Berne Convention was passed to protect literary and artistic works through copyright ...