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Islam: The Religion and the People by Buntzie Ellis Churchill, Bernard Lewis

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Footnotes

Chapter 3

1 For example, Koran 26:195; 41:44; 12:2; 20:113; 39:28; 41:3; 42:7; 43:3.

Chapter 14

1 Koran 5:35; 9:24, 41, 44, 73, 86; 25:52; 60:1, 11; 66:9.

2 Koran 4:95; 7:72; 9:41, 81, 88; 66:9, etc.

3 In the extensive correspondence of the Ottoman sultans with the various rulers of Europe, the sultans normally used a somewhat more polite formula, which might be translated: “May his (or her) end be happy.” In other words, “May they finally embrace Islam before they die,” a form of words which suggests courteous good will and which could be, and often was, enhanced by creative translation.

Appendix

1 Koran 2:168, 172–173; 5:2, 4–6, 90-91; 6:118-119, 121, 145–146; 16:114–118.

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