Foreword

Technical innovations have changed complete political, social and economical systems in history several times. Taking a closer look at these fundamental changes, there are a few interesting things to notice.

Firstly, technical inventions were the base for the innovation and even change-resistant critics were unable to hold up the resulting fundamental and global change. Secondly, at the heart of most changes were real innovations, not just new ideas. A real innovation is characterised by a new idea or technology commercialised and implemented as a sustainable business. Thirdly, at the beginning of these innovations, there were no ‘business cases’ for any of them. Bell thought that there was no global application of electrical lighting, ...

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