As of now, JAR files can contain classes that can only run on the Java version they were compiled for. To leverage the new features of the Java platform on newer versions, the library developers have to release a newer version of their library. Soon, there will be multiple versions of the library being maintained by the developers, which can be a nightmare. To overcome this limitation, the new feature of multirelease JAR files allows developers to build JAR files with different versions of class files for different Java versions. The following example makes it more clear.
Here is an illustration of the current JAR files:
jar root - A.class - B.class - C.class
Here is how multirelease JAR files look: