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Java: A Beginner’s Tutorial, 4th Edition (Updated for Java SE 8) by Budi Kurniawan

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Chapter 2

Language Fundamentals

Java is an object-oriented programming (OOP) language, therefore an understanding of OOP is of utmost importance. Chapter 4, “Objects and Classes” is the first lesson of OOP in this book. However, before you explore OOP features and techniques, you should first study Java language fundamentals.

ASCII and Unicode

Traditionally, computers in English speaking countries only used the ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) character set to represent alphanumeric characters. Each character in the ASCII is represented by 7 bits. There are therefore 128 characters in this character set. These include the lower case and upper case Latin letters, numbers, and punctuation marks.

The ASCII character set ...

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