19.10. Maps

Maps associate keys to values and cannot contain duplicate keys (i.e., each key can map to only one value; this is called one-to-one mapping). Maps differ from Sets in that Maps contain keys and values, whereas Sets contain only values. Three of the several classes that implement interface Map are Hashtable, HashMap and TreeMap. Hashtables and HashMaps store elements in hash tables, and TreeMaps store elements in trees. This section discusses hash tables and provides an example that uses a HashMap to store keyPvalue pairs. Interface SortedMap extends Map and maintains its keys in sorted order—either the elements’ natural order or an order specified by a Comparator. Class TreeMap implements SortedMap.

Map Implementation with Hash ...

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