Fit Proportional Hazards Overview
The proportional hazards model is a special semiparametric regression model proposed by D. R. Cox (1972) to examine the effect of explanatory variables on survival times. The survival time of each member of a population is assumed to follow its own hazard function.
Proportional hazards is nonparametric in the sense that it involves an unspecified arbitrary baseline hazard function. It is parametric because it assumes a parametric form for the covariates. The baseline hazard function is scaled by a function of the model’s (time-independent) covariates to give a general hazard function. Unlike the Kaplan-Meier analysis, proportional hazards computes parameter estimates and standard errors for each covariate. ...

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