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Job Search Handbook for People with Disabilities, 3rd Edition

Book Description

A complete career planning and job search guide for people with physical and mental disabilities.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover Page
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Contents
  5. Introduction
    1. Background
    2. Employment and Income Statistics
    3. How to Use This Book
    4. The Job Search as a Sales Campaign
    5. Acknowledgments
  6. PART I Preparing for Your Job Search
    1. CHAPTER 1 Assessing Your Skills, Abilities, and Goals
      1. Exercises for Self-Assessment
        1. Write Your Career Autobiography
        2. Identify Your Skills and Traits
        3. Know Your Weaknesses
        4. Assess the Issues Relating to Your Disability
        5. Determine Your Traits and Characteristics
        6. Identify Your Values
      2. Career Assessment Instruments
        1. Aptitude and Achievement Assessment
          1. Adult Basic Learning Examination
          2. Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery
          3. Differential Aptitude Test with Career Interest Inventory
          4. Tests of Adult Basic Education
          5. United States Employment Service General Aptitude Test Battery (GATB) and Interest Inventory (USES II)
          6. World of Work Inventory
          7. Interest Inventories
          8. Career Directions Inventory
          9. Career Occupational Preference System Interest Inventory
          10. Harrington-O’Shea Career Decision-Making System
          11. Self-Directed Search
          12. StrengthsQuest
          13. Strong Interest Inventory
        2. Instruments for People with Disabilities
          1. McCarron-Dial System
        3. Computer-Based Guidance Systems
          1. Choices Planner CT
          2. DISCOVER
          3. SIGI 3
        4. Assessment Instruments on the Internet
          1. The Campbell Interest and Skill Survey
          2. The Career Interest Game
          3. The Career Key
          4. Keirsey Temperament Sorter
          5. Self-Directed Search
      3. You Are Not Alone
      4. Support for Continuing Your Education
        1. HEATH Resource Center
    2. CHAPTER 2 Exploring Careers
      1. Targeting Specific Occupations to Research
      2. Sources of Information
        1. Reference Publications
          1. Hands-On Work with the O*NET
          2. Occupational Outlook Handbook
        2. Professional Associations and Trade Groups
          1. Informational Interviewing
          2. How Do You Set Up an Informational Interview?
          3. What Do You Ask About in an Informational Interview?
      3. Starting Your Own Business
      4. Evaluating the Possibilities
    3. CHAPTER 3 Developing Your Skills
      1. Experiential Education
        1. Apprenticeships
          1. The Office of Apprenticeship
          2. Job Corps
        2. Internships
          1. InternWeb.com
          2. Workforce Recruitment Program
          3. Entry Point
          4. Emerging Leaders
        3. Cooperative Education (Co-op)
        4. Service Learning
        5. Practicum
        6. Student Teaching
        7. Volunteer Experiences
          1. Idealist
          2. Servenet
      2. Assertiveness
        1. Possible Sources of Nonassertiveness
        2. Tips for Becoming More Assertive
          1. Be Willing to Take Risks
          2. Be Happy About Your Successes
          3. Keep Learning and Improving
          4. Forgive Yourself
          5. Practice Speaking Assertively
          6. Listen to Your Voice
          7. Be Aware of Your Body Language
          8. Listen
          9. Be True to Yourself
      3. Public Speaking
        1. Know Your Material
        2. Rehearse
        3. Speak to the Listener(s)
        4. Keep It Brief
        5. Create an Image in the Listener’s Mind
        6. Mean What You Say
        7. Join a Speaker’s Club
  7. PART II Marketing Yourself to Potential Employers
    1. CHAPTER 4 Creating Your Resume
      1. Dissecting the Resume
        1. Chronological Resumes
          1. Vital Statistics
          2. Objective and Qualifications Summary
          3. Effective Objectives
          4. Objective Pitfalls
          5. A self-serving tone:
          6. Meaningless adjectives:
          7. Vague job title or career goal:
          8. Qualifications Summary
          9. Education
          10. Experience
          11. Keywords
          12. Military Experience
          13. Skills/Abilities
          14. Athletics
          15. Community Activities
          16. Honors and Awards
          17. Professional Associations
          18. References
          19. Pros
          20. Cons
          21. Hobbies, Interests, and Personal Information
          22. Samples of Chronological Resumes
        2. Functional Resumes
          1. Objective
          2. Education
          3. Experience
          4. Sample Functional Resumes
      2. What Shouldn’t Go on Your Resume?
      3. Resume Aesthetics
        1. What Color Paper Should I Use?
        2. How Many Pages Should My Resume Be?
        3. What Font Should I Use?
        4. What Text Formatting Should I Use?
        5. Should I Post My Resume on My Web Site?
        6. Should I Adjust My Resume Formatting for E-mail or Online Submissions?
      4. Resume Resources
    2. CHAPTER 5 Writing a Great Cover Letter
      1. Getting Started with Contact Info
      2. Answer Three Important Questions
        1. Why Are You Writing?
        2. What Do You Want to Say?
          1. Some Sample Second Sections
        3. What Do You Want the Person Reading the Letter to Do in Response to Having Read It?
          1. An assertive approach:
          2. A passive approach:
      3. Finishing the Letter
      4. Format Tips
      5. Sample Cover Letters for Different Situations
        1. In Response to an Ad with Contact Information
        2. In Response to a Blind Ad
        3. To a Personal Contact
        4. Combination Cover Letter/Resume
        5. For a Job for Which Your Disability Is an Asset
        6. In Regard to a Lead from a Friend
      6. Online Cover Letter Help
  8. PART III Applying and Interviewing for Jobs
    1. CHAPTER 6 Networking and Mentors
      1. Networking—a Numbers Game
      2. Establishing a Network
        1. Focusing on the First Ring
        2. Reaching Out to the Second Ring
        3. Making Contact by Telephone
          1. Sample Scripts for a First-Time Phone Contact
          2. Effective Listening
          3. Getting Past the Gatekeepers
          4. Brushing Up on Your Speaking Skills
        4. Using E-mail
        5. Social Networking
        6. Organizing, Prioritizing, and Following Up
      3. Finding a Mentor
        1. People Without Disabilities in a Similar Field
        2. People with Similar Disabilities in a Similar Field
        3. People with Similar Disabilities in a Different Field
        4. A Long-Term Relationship
        5. Mentoring Resources
    2. CHAPTER 7 Other Ways to Generate Job Leads
      1. Using the Newspaper to Find Leads
        1. Want Ads
        2. National and Local News
        3. Business Pages
        4. Tax Liens, Mortgages, DBAs
        5. Other Sections
      2. Employment Agencies
        1. Temporary Agencies
      3. U.S. Department of Labor
      4. College Career Centers
      5. State Vocational Rehabilitation Offices
      6. Business Leadership Network
      7. Internet Leads
        1. Disability-Related Sites
          1. ABILITY Jobs
          2. Careers and the DisABLED Magazine
          3. GettingHired
          4. National Business and Disability Council
          5. United Cerebral Palsy Employment and Training
        2. Government-Sponsored Sites
          1. Career OneStop
          2. Disability.gov
          3. Office of Disability Employment Policy
          4. USAJOBS
        3. For-Profit Sites
          1. CareerBuilder
          2. craigslist
          3. Monster
          4. Simply Hired
      8. Professional Associations
    3. CHAPTER 8 Managing Your Job Search
      1. Tracking Contacts
      2. Time Management
        1. Goal Setting and Record Keeping
        2. Time Management and the Job Search
      3. Beating the Odds
        1. Don’t Overlook the Smaller Companies
        2. Don’t Forget the Not-for-Profits
        3. Consider Government Jobs
    4. CHAPTER 9 Applying for Jobs
      1. Networking
      2. Sending a Resume and Cover Letter
      3. Applying Online
      4. Filling Out a Written Application Form
        1. Be Meticulous
        2. Don’t Be Too Wordy
        3. Beware of Traps
      5. Improving Your Chances of Getting the Job
    5. CHAPTER 10 Preparing for the Interview
      1. Doing Your Research
        1. Researching the Field
        2. Researching the Company
          1. Company Public Relations Literature
          2. Public Relations Materials from Competing Organizations or Product Lines
          3. News Accounts
          4. Third-Party Publishers
          5. On the Internet
          6. Networking Contacts
          7. Researching the Recruiter/Interviewer
        3. Researching Yourself
      2. Addressing Accessibility Issues
      3. Rehearsing for the Interview
      4. Disclosing Your Disability
      5. Interviewing Guidelines
        1. Listen Closely
        2. Keep It Short and Simple
        3. Have a Preplanned Message
        4. Use Examples
        5. Work Your Message into the Answer
        6. Don’t Be Afraid to Pause!
        7. Don’t Start Formulating Your Answers While the Interviewer Is Still Asking the Question
      6. Answering Common Interview Questions
        1. Sample Answers for the Most Commonly Asked Questions
          1. Tell Me a Little About Yourself.
          2. Why Should I Hire You?
          3. What Kind of Leader Are You? What Kind of Team Player Are You?
          4. What Is Your Greatest Strength?
          5. What Is Your Biggest Weakness?
          6. Tell Me About Your Most Recent Position. Why Did You Leave Your Last Job?
          7. What Makes You Interested in This Position? What Do You Know About Our Organization?
          8. Where Do You See Yourself in Five Years? What Would Your Dream Job Be Like?
          9. What Kind of Salary Are You Looking For?
        2. Sample Answers for Problem Questions
          1. How Will You Be Able to Do the Job?
          2. Why Are You Interested in (Qualified for) This Job at This Stage of Your Career?
          3. Can You Explain This Gap on Your Resume When You Were Not Working?
        3. Questions They Can’t Ask You
      7. Reading the Interviewer
        1. Curiosity
        2. Guilt
        3. Pity
        4. Prejudice/Ignorance
        5. Differentness
      8. The Day of the Interview
        1. Choosing What to Wear
        2. Arriving at the Interview Site
      9. Second Interviews
      10. Some Online Interviewing Resources
        1. Collegegrad.com
        2. The College of William & Mary Career Center
    6. CHAPTER 11 After the Interview
      1. Writing Thank-You Letters
        1. Sample Thank-You Letters
      2. Following Up via the Phone
      3. Handling Rejection
        1. Send a Thank-You Note
        2. Ask for Feedback
        3. Ask if You Can Stay in Touch as a Networking Contact
      4. The Uneven Playing Field
        1. Employment Provisions of the ADA
          1. Who Is Covered?
          2. Prohibited Inquiries and Examinations
        2. Types of Discrimination That Are Covered Under the ADA
        3. What to Do If You Think You Have Been Discriminated Against
          1. Who Can File a Charge of Discrimination?
          2. How Is a Charge of Discrimination Filed?
          3. What Information Must Be Provided to File a Charge?
          4. What Are the Time Limits for Filing a Charge of Discrimination?
          5. What Happens After a Charge Is Filed with the EEOC?
          6. When Can an Individual File an Employment Discrimination Lawsuit in Court?
          7. What Remedies Are Available When Discrimination Is Found?
        4. More Questions and Answers About the ADA— From the Department of Justice Web Site
      5. Negotiating the Offer
        1. Taking Time to Consider an Offer
        2. Turning Down an Offer
  9. PART IV Succeeding at Work
    1. CHAPTER 12 Keeping the Job
      1. Having the Right Attitude
      2. Succeeding at Office Politics
      3. Looking for Projects
      4. Fitting In and Succeeding with a Disability
      5. Normalizing Your Disability for Your Peers and Coworkers
      6. Being Ready for the Next Opportunity When It Presents Itself
      7. Knowing How to Handle Changes in Insurance
    2. CHAPTER 13 Accommodating Your Disability on the Job
      1. Real-Life Sample Accommodations
        1. Altering the Job Duties or Work Schedule
        2. Modifying the Facility
        3. Purchasing Adaptive Equipment
        4. Developing Special Equipment
        5. Modifying a Product
        6. Designing an Entirely New Product
        7. Accommodations Don’t Have to Be Expensive
      2. Sample Disability-Specific Accommodations from the Job Accommodation Network
        1. Accommodating People Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing
          1. Communicating One-to-One
          2. Communicating Over the Telephone
          3. Communicating During Meetings
          4. Responding to Fire or Emergency Alarms
          5. Responding to Other Sounds in the Environment
          6. Difficulty with Extraneous Noises
          7. Communicating with Workers in the Field
          8. Responding to Vehicles in the Workplace
          9. Sample Accommodations for People Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing
        2. Accommodating People with Epilepsy
          1. Actual Accommodations for People with Epilepsy
  10. APPENDIX Job Links from the U.S. Department of Labor Office of Disability Employment Policy
  11. Index