How Julia works

(You can safely skip this section on a first reading.) Julia works with an LLVM JIT compiler framework that is used for JIT generation of machine code. The first time you run a Julia function, it is parsed, and the types are inferred. Then, LLVM code is generated by the JIT compiler, which is then optimized and compiled down to native code. The second time you run a Julia function, the native code that's already generated is called. This is the reason why, the second time you call a function with arguments of a specific type, it takes much less time to run than the first time (keep this in mind when doing benchmarks of Julia code).

This generated code can be inspected. Suppose, for example, that we have defined a f(x) = 2x ...

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