Culture-defining monuments

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Many cultures produce no monuments. The Mongols were one of the great dynamic civilizations and their culture revolved around horsemanship rather than building. Architectural history hardly notices people such as the Mongols, giving pride of place to sedentary cultures that walled themselves in with blocks of stone – Egyptians, Romans, Chinese.

Uluru is a striking landscape formation that was adopted by the nomadic Aboriginal population in Australia and made to do all the things that monuments do, so it is included in this chapter as landscape architecture that has a monumental role for a culture that grew up around ...

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