Albert Dock

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Jesse Hartley, 1780–1860, and Philip Hardwick, 1792–1870

Liverpool, UK; 1839–46

Liverpool is on the north-west coast of England, connected to the Atlantic by way of a slight detour around the north of Ireland. Its growing prosperity during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries emanated from its port. Ships brought in many goods, including cotton from America for the Lancashire textile mills, and until 1807 took slaves from Africa to work on the American cotton and tobacco plantations.

For the transport of heavy goods over long distances, water was overwhelmingly the most efficient means of transport everywhere, until the advent ...

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