St Pancras Railway Station

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George Gilbert Scott, 1811–78, and William Henry Barlow, 1812–1902

London, UK; 1864–68

In the early years of the nineteenth century, there were experiments to harness steam power for transport, and the idea turned out to be one of the great transformative inventions of the century. By 1830 in the UK, 158 km (98 miles) of track had been laid. By 1860 the figure was closer to 16,800 km (10,440 miles). Investors saw that they could make a fortune by investing in railways, and many of them did. Competition was intense and victory was richly rewarded.

The first passenger trains to bring people to a London station travelled ...

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