Megaron of Pylos

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Pylos, Greece; c.1500 BCE

The civilization on mainland Greece during the Bronze Age before 1250 BCE is called Mycenean – a name deriving from a once-oral tradition that transmitted stories down through the generations. Although these stories are now generally regarded as fantastical myths, there may be elements of historical truth embedded in them. The two ancient epic poems by Homer, the Iliad and the Odyssey, are usually imagined as dating from the eighth century BCE, making them the oldest works of western literature, but they seem to be written versions of an older oral tradition, recounting events that would date from the ...

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