Richmond Capitol

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Thomas Jefferson, 1743–1826, and Charles-Louis Clérisseau, 1721–1820

Richmond, Virginia, USA; 1789

The Capitol is in Richmond because of the influence of Thomas Jefferson, who was anxious to move the seat of government away from Williamsburg, the colonial capital (which the British would attack in 1799). Richmond was seen as safer, and the transfer was made in 1780. The Capitol building took shape over the next few years, and was completed in 1789 – the year of the French Revolution.

Jefferson had been the American ambassador to France before the revolution, and while he was there he visited Nîmes, where he fell in love with ...

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