Great Bath at Mohenjo-Daro

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Mohenjo-Daro, Pakistan; 2500 BCE

The early civilizations of the Indus Valley left no written records to help us to understand how they saw the world and how they tried to organize it. There are the remains of great cities, but no one knows what to make of them.

Mohenjo-Daro might have had 40,000 inhabitants in 2500 BCE. Most of the city was built in the river valley, which was sometimes flooded, so there was also a citadel at a higher level with what could be granaries for food storage. The houses in the valley were laid out on a grid, giving the impression there was someone in control to decree the grid, but there ...

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