Pierre Lescot, 1515–78, Claude Perrault, 1613–88, Ludovico (Louis) Visconti, 1791–1853, and others

Paris, France; c.1190–1989

Long straight lines slice their way across Paris, establishing vistas with monuments sited squarely at the end of them. The vistas can be far-reaching, but the monuments are big enough to register from a distance, and the city is bound together by these lines, which offer views of familiar orientation-points.

The longest line runs along the Champs-Elysées, to stop at the Louvre – or, rather, it seems to start at the Louvre and work its way west, through the Tuileries gardens to the goldtopped Obelisk, the Arc de ...

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