Hans Scharoun, 1893–72

Berlin, Germany; 1956–63

The symphony orchestra is one of the great cultural developments of western civilization, producing a range of sounds that can stir profound emotions and bring a sense of serenity. In the twenty-first century, the music of symphony orchestras is most often heard in recorded form, perhaps on personal headphones – in the home, in shops or while travelling. Music was not always so pervasive.

Before the nineteenth century, classical music was heard most frequently in churches or in aristocratic households where musicians were employed. Music would be performed in salons and ballrooms, but ...

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