Lincoln Memorial

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Henry Bacon, 1866–1924

Washington DC, USA; 1912–22

The grand baroque vistas of Versailles and Paris were brought to Washington DC by Pierre Charles L’Enfant (1754–1825), who laid out its first streets in 1791, envisaging a broad central mall for national monuments. He tried to control too closely the designs that developed, and was soon dismissed, but the idea of the National Mall survived: a broad swathe of green with clear views from the domed capitol building at the east end to the Lincoln Memorial 3 km (2 miles) away at the west end, built on reclaimed swampland that doubled the mall’s original length.

Abraham Lincoln was ...

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