Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum

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Lu Yanzhi, 1894–1929

Nanjing, Jiangsu, China; 1925–31

Sun Yat-sen (1866–1925) was the first President of the Republic of China, taking office in 1912, following the overthrow of the Qing Dynasty, which brought to an end about 3,000 years of dynastic rule. Although he held the post of president for only 44 days, Sun Yat-sen continued to influence events until his death through his inspirational writings and his continuing political engagement. He co-founded the Kuomintang, the Chinese National People’s Party and became its first leader.

The importance of Sun Yat-sen’s role in the modernization of China was recognized by sympathetic ...

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