Hagia Sophia

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Isidoros, 442–539, and Anthemios, 469–539

Istanbul, Turkey; 532–58

When Hagia Sophia was constructed in the first half of the sixth century, it was the greatest Christian church, with a commanding position in the city of Constantinople. It was part of the complex of buildings that made up the imperial palace of Justinian, a Roman emperor. Various names have changed. The city is called Istanbul, the empire of Justinian and his successors is called Byzantine, and the church is now a museum, having been used for some time as a mosque, after the defeat of the Greeks in 1453.

The Greek name for the city, Constantinople, comes from the ...

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