Houses at Catal Huyuk and Troy

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Turkey; c.6000 BCE and c.1250 BCE

One of the earliest known settlements is Catal Huyuk, which developed in Neolithic times on the landmass that used to be called Anatolia. The dwellings were made of mud bricks, which needed periodic renewal, and during the centuries when the place was occupied the earth from demolished houses built up into the mounds that gave Catal Huyuk its modern name (meaning ‘forked mound’). It is thought that about 10,000 people lived there, making it probably the largest settlement in the world at the time. (See photograph above left and drawings opposite, above.)

Conditions for farming ...

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