Houses at Nagano and Skara Brae

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Nagano, Koshin’etsu, Japan; 5000–2500 BCE | Skara Brae, Orkney, UK; c.2500 BCE

The Jomon people occupied the archipelago of islands that make up Japan. From prehistoric times they dwelled in villages, including some large settlements. The pit houses they developed were circular and hollowed into the ground to a depth of about a metre, then covered with a roof that was probably thatched, as in the houses reconstructed at Nagano in the Koshin’etsu region (see photograph above left and drawings opposite, above) – but all direct evidence of them has long since perished. The houses were typically 3 or 4 metres (10 ...

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