Thomas Jefferson, 1743–1826

Charlottesville, Virginia, USA; 1794–1809

Monticello was the base from which Thomas Jefferson ran the plantations that were the source of his wealth. The principal author of the American Declaration of Independence, a founding father and third president of the USA, who doubled the size of the nation with the Louisiana Purchase, Jefferson is a revered and inspirational figure.

As a house, Monticello is an oddity. It began life in 1768 as a farmhouse. Had it remained no more than that, it would have seemed today an ingenious curiosity, idiosyncratically adapted to meet Jefferson’s needs. But Jefferson worked ...

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