Megalithic Temples of Malta


Malta; 2500 BCE

Enormous stones called megaliths were used in the construction of temples on Gozo, one of the islands of Malta, which are among the oldest buildings known anywhere (above left). Ggantija, meaning ‘giantess’, was the name given to this pair of temples in a later age, on account of the stones’ size. Clearly the result of great effort on the part of the communities that built them, whose identity and character remain obscure, the temples were used as burial places and the bones of dozens of people accumulated in them.

Relying as they do on the analysis of carbon samples, estimates of the buildings’ date ...

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