Great Temple of Amon-Ra

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Karnak, Thebes (Luxor), Egypt; c.2000 BCE

The foundation of the Amon-Ra temple complex dates from the Middle Kingdom period of Egyptian history, when the building of great pyramids had come to an end. The centre of government had moved away from the Nile delta to Thebes, now known as Luxor, about 700 km (400 miles) to the south. A concentration of great monuments developed nearby, at Karnak, including the spectacular funeral temple of Queen Hatshepsut and the later tombs with their treasures hidden away in the Valley of the Kings.

The sacred precinct is bounded by walls set out almost as a rectangle but with sides that ...

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