Pantheon

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Rome, Italy; 120–24

The Pantheon in Rome was another temple that became an early church. It is even better preserved than the Maison Carrée (pages 106–107), but it was not a typical temple: it was always unique. However, it has some recognizable characteristics of the Etruscan temple. The columns divide the Pantheon’s portico into three, as if remembering the three-celled arrangement of the Etruscan temple – but, instead of there being three doors, there is only one, and what would have been the side rooms are reduced to niches that once held statues, while the central room has inflated to become the most magnificent religious interior ...

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