Temple of Kukulkan (Quetzalcoatl)

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Chich’en Itzá, Yucatán, Mexico; eleventh to thirteenth centuries

The Yucatán Peninsula is now part of Mexico – a projection of land that separates the Gulf of Mexico from the Caribbean Sea. When Chich’en Itzá was built, it was inhabited by the Mayan people, whose civilization can be traced back to 2000 BCE and who occupied a sizeable terrain in Mesoamerica but had no capital city. This arrangement served them well when the Spanish conquistadores arrived in the sixteenth century, since no single stronghold could be stormed to gain control of the region, and the Mayans held out until the end of the seventeenth century, ...

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