Konark Sun Temple

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Konark, Odisha, India; 1260

The temple at Konark in Odisha (formerly Orissa), sometimes known as the Black Pagoda, has at its gates a pair of monumental lions crushing elephants beneath them. The elephants in turn are crushing people. It is an ominous introduction. The temple is the ultimate manifestation of the type represented by Lingaraj (page 122–23). It was originally located beside the sea, but the shoreline has moved and the building is now 3 km (almost 2 miles) inland.

Dedicated to the sun god Surya, the temple was configured as a colossal chariot drawn by seven rearing horses (six of which survive) and rolling on 12 ...

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