Sagrada Família

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Antoni Gaudí, 1852–1926

Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain; from 1882

The Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí worked in Barcelona, where he tried to reinvent architecture by considering structural principles and analysing the forms produced by natural growth. Some of his European contemporaries tried to do comparable things (Victor Horta in Brussels, for example) and their efforts tend to be called Art Nouveau – signalling their simultaneous but individualistic attempts to escape from the historical styles that were used in mainstream nineteenth-century European architecture. The fact that they had little in common stylistically did not stop ...

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