Carthage Harbour and Naval Base

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Carthage, Tunisia

Carthage was the ancient rival of Rome for a while. Alluding to the Carthaginians’ Phoenician heritage, the Romans used the word Punic to describe them, and the antagonism between the two peoples developed through the Punic Wars.

Carthage is located on the north African coast at a point where the Mediterranean is quite narrow, and Sicily and Italy are not far away. There is desert to the south – so, for a state that had territorial ambitions to equal Rome’s, the annexation of Sicily was an obvious first step.

During the period of the first Punic War (264–61 BCE), Carthage had a superior navy ...

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