Pont du Gard

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Nîmes, France; c.20 BCE

The Romans brought urbanism to places that had never experienced it before. Before the advent of motorized transport and mass production, people in rural districts would have done for themselves everything necessary for their own sustenance. In a city it is possible to develop a specialism – to make shoes, do joinery or make fine pottery. With enough people around to make use of the specialized work, a business can thrive. The larger the city, the more specialized the trades are likely to become. And the more specialized the business, the more efficiently and skilfully the goods can be produced, and the more ...

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