The McKinsey 7S framework

The McKinsey 7S framework is a simple but powerful way of describing the key elements of a business organisation. There are seven key elements (strategy, structure, systems, shared values, staff, skills and style), and for the firm to be functioning effectively all seven have to work in a coherent and aligned way.

When to use it

  • To improve the overall performance of a firm.
  • To implement a chosen strategy.
  • To diagnose the problems inside a firm that is struggling with change.
  • To align people and activities following a major change.


The origins of the McKinsey 7S framework are well known. It was developed by Tom Peters, Robert Waterman, Anthony Athos and Richard Pascale through a series of meetings in ...

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