In 1943, psychologist Abraham Maslow popularized the concept of a hierarchy of psychological needs for humans. He proposed that humans have basic needs that motivate them, grouped into six categories. From highest and most advanced, to lowest and most basic, they are as follows:
Maslow discussed these in general terms of the natural world, but they apply to your working life as well. For example, the “Safety” need may not refer to physical safety at a desk job, but job security certainly may. For more on his hierarchy, the Wikipedia article is a fine introduction.
Similar to Maslow’s hierarchy, Frederick Herzberg’s Motivation-Hygiene ...