LEADERSHIP IS A PROFESSION, NOT A CALLING
Leaders used to lead a community, which might be a kingdom, a tribe or a business in the early days of the Industrial Revolution when owners more or less lived above the shop. This did not always make them good leaders, but it certainly made them committed leaders. Leading was a 24/7 task and they would lead from the front, not from behind a desk in a remote headquarters.
For the most part, leaders could not opt in and out of leading. Leading was not a livelihood, it was their life.
All of this started to change with the Industrial Revolution. Firms became large and complex. The owner could no longer manage the whole firm. In many cases, the owner was no longer a single person. The only way ...