In this chapter, you will learn how to put a group of files together into a single archive. You will also learn how to compress an archive file using various compression methods.
Creating an archive
Let's create a backup for all the bash scripts in the /home/elliot directory. As the root user, create a directory named backup in /root:
root@ubuntu-linux:~# mkdir /root/backup
To create an archive, we use the tape archive command tar. The general syntax to create an archive is as follows:
tar -cf archive_name files
The -c option is the shorthand notation of --create, which creates the archive. The -f option is the shorthand notation of --file, which specifies the archive name.
Now let's create an archive named ...