Like most programming languages, Elixir has its fair share of numerical, boolean, character, and collection types. It also has some extra types, namely, atoms and binaries. In this chapter, we will see how all of these types work. However, let's start our discussion with numerical types.
Numerical types include the obvious integers. For example, in the interactive prompt (
iex), we can enter a few basic numbers:
iex(1)> 42 42
We can also do some basic arithmetic with numbers, of course:
iex(2)> 42 + 5 47 iex(3)> 6 * 7 42 iex(4)> 42 - 10 32 iex(5) 42 / 6 7.0
So, addition, subtraction, and multiplication work as we expect. Division, however, did what is typically called implicit type widening or implicit ...