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Learning pandas - Second Edition by Michael Heydt

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Categorical Data

A categorical variable is a type of variable in statistics that represents a limited and often fixed set of values. This is in contrast to continuous variables, which can represent an infinite number of values. Common types of categorical variables include gender (where there are two values, male and female) or blood types (which can be one of the small sets of types of blood, such as A, B, and O).

pandas has the ability to represent Categorical variables using a type of pandas object known as Categorical. These pandas objects are designed to efficiently represent data that is grouped into a set of buckets, each represented by an integer code that represents one of the categories. The use of these underlying codes gives pandas ...

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