Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA)

FERPA was passed in 1974.24 The primary goal of FERPA is to protect the privacy of student educational records. An educational record includes any personal and education data on a student maintained by an educational agency or institution. Under FERPA, parents have the right to inspect and review a student’s educational records. However, these rights do not belong to a parent forever. When the student reaches age 18, these rights pass to the student.


FERPA applies to any education agencies or institutions that receive funding from the U.S. Department of Education (ED). Educational agencies or institutions include:

  • Primary and secondary schools
  • Vocational colleges
  • Colleges and universities ...

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