Institutional repositories provide a necessary venue for the open dissemination of a wide variety of scholarly and creative works. However, repositories do not inherently address one of the core elements in the scholarly communication system – “credentialing” (or “certification”). Although there is ongoing debate as to the most efficient and meaningful method for evaluating scholars’ work, there is a general consensus that the process of peer review, however it may be performed, is essential for improving the quality and integrity of scholarly communications. And while repositories can provide opportunities for open, post-“publication” review of work by all readers, scholarly journals’ formal editorial and blind review processes ...

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