The concept of peacemaking emerging from its dormancy into our ­present culture is best related in an example from early in my legal career. I lived among and worked with the Lakota of South Dakota from 1970 to 1972. As part of my education in the culture and way of life of the Lakota, my elder Oglala Lakota mentor, Elizabeth Fast Horse, related the following to me:

Prior to contact with Washishu or white people, the Lakota and other Plains Indigenous People developed a process for responding to exploitation by other tribes or bands. Their perception of exploitation included uninvited and hostile transgression of their hunting and fishing grounds, the kidnapping of their women and children, or the stealing of their horses, ...

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