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Linear Synchronous Motors, 2nd Edition by Bronislaw Tomczuk, Zbigniew J. Piech, Jacek F. Gieras

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10

Industrial Automation Systems

10.1 Automation of Manufacturing Processes

Manufacturing processes can be classified as follows [49]:

  • Casting, foundry or molding processes

  • Forming or metalworking processes

  • Machining (material removal) processes

  • Joining (fastening, welding, fitting, bonding) and assembly

  • Surface treatments and finishing (cleaning, tumbling, scribing, polishing, coating, plating)

  • Heat treating

  • Other, e.g., inspection, testing, packaging, storing, etc.

Manufacturing process automation frees the human operator from control functions, i.e., from the need to perform certain actions in a particular sequence to carry out an operation in accord with preset machining conditions.

Automation is the use of the energy of a nonliving system ...

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