CHAPTER 1

Introduction

1.1    THE DATA DELUGE

We are surrounded by data – data about the performance of our locals schools, the fuel efficiency of our cars, a multitude of products from different vendors, or the way our taxes are spent. By helping us make better decisions, this data is playing an increasingly central role in our lives and driving the emergence of a data economy [47]. Increasing numbers of individuals and organizations are contributing to this deluge by choosing to share their data with others, including Web-native companies such as Amazon and Yahoo!, newspapers such as The Guardian and The New York Times, public bodies such as the UK and US governments, and research initiatives within various scientific disciplines.

Third parties, ...

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