In Chapter 3, All About Bootloaders, I mentioned the need for the bootloader to load kernel binaries and other images from various flash devices and to be able to perform system maintenance tasks such as erasing and reprogramming flash memory. It follows that the bootloader must have the drivers and infrastructure to support read, erase, and write operations on the type of memory you have, whether it be NOR, NAND, or managed. I will use U-Boot in the following example; other bootloaders follow a similar pattern.
U-Boot has drivers for NOR CFI chips in
drivers/mtd and has the commands
erase to erase memory and
cp.b to copy data byte by byte, programming the flash. Suppose that you have ...