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Linux: Embedded Development by Chris Simmonds, Alex González, Alexandru Vaduva

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Chapter 8. Introducing Device Drivers

Kernel device drivers are the mechanism through which the underlying hardware is exposed to the rest of the system. As a developer of embedded systems, you need to know how device drivers fit into the overall architecture and how to access them from user space programs. Your system will probably have some novel pieces of hardware and you will have to work out a way of accessing them. In many cases, you will find that there are device drivers provided for you and you can achieve everything you want without writing any kernel code. For example, you can manipulate GPIO pins and LEDs using files in sysfs, and there are libraries to access serial buses, including SPI and I2C.

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