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Local Governance and Poverty in Developing Nations by Isa Baud, Nicky Pouw

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2    Well-Being in Theory and Practice

Nicky Pouw and Briana Gilmore

2.1 INTRODUCTION

International development institutions have long since adopted approaches that facilitate development beyond a poverty-reduction agenda. The United Nation's ‘Declaration on the Right to Development’ (1986) and the UNDP stress that all peoples should be able to live under conditions that allow them to pursue their well-being. Whereas poverty reduction is part of that equation, so are the social and institutional processes that promote agency, formal and informal education, capabilities, intuitive dignities, innovation and cultural expression. The well-being perspective runs counter to a focus on poverty defined in terms of ‘lack of income’ and points to the ...

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