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Local Governance and Poverty in Developing Nations by Isa Baud, Nicky Pouw

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5    Food Security Management,Aid and Governance

Michiel Keyzer and Lia van Wesenbeeck

5.1 INTRODUCTION

Food security is a basic need. Its nonfulfillment is one of the most serious development failures in a world of affluence today. Every day, 25,000 people die of hunger and related diseases and the problem has become even worse in recent years with food prices increasing in 2007 and 2008. How the food crisis developed during 2008 has been well documented by now (see, e.g., Headey et al. 2009). The price hike (see Figure 5.1) started with a surge in demand for maize and vegetable oil, as a result of increased mandatory blending and subsidization of biofuels particularly in the US (bioethanol) and the EU (biodiesel) that also made it possible ...

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