6    Governance for NontimberForest Products

Mirjam Ros-Tonen and Koen Kusters

6.1 INTRODUCTION

The commercial exploitation of nontimber forest products (NTFPs) was proposed in the 1990s as a strategy to reconcile conservation and development aims in tropical forests. Recognized as an activity that has a minimal impact on the forest (Peters et al. 1989) and that plays an important role for the rural poor as gap filler and source of income in situations where alternative livelihood activities are scarce (Sunderlin et al. 2005), it was thought to be able to reconcile concerns about dwindling forest resources and poverty among forest-dwelling people. Recent literature stresses that local governance plays an important role in materializing these ...

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