10  Citizenship, Local Governanceand Democracy

Michaela Hordijk

When we say that a citizen is a member of a city, we are also asking the question what constitutes membership of a city?

—Aristotle in Politics


Democratization processes in Latin America present an interesting paradox. Increasing citizen disenchantment with traditional institutions of representative democracy goes hand in hand with innovative experiences of participatory governance. This chapter discusses what one of Latin America's recent major innovations in local participatory governance—namely Participatory Budgeting—has contributed to strengthening citizenship. It does so by highlighting a feature that is often overlooked, namely the conceptualization of what ...

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