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Low-Visibility Antennas for Communication Systems by Albert Sabban

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Chapter 2

Basic Antenna Theory

2.1 Introduction to Antennas

Antennas are used to radiate efficiently electromagnetic energy in desired directions. Antennas match radio frequency systems, sources of electromagnetic energy, to space. All antennas may be used to receive or radiate energy. Antennas transmit or receive electromagnetic waves at radio frequencies. They convert electromagnetic radiation into electric current, or vice versa. Antennas are a necessary part of all communication links and radio equipment. They are used in systems such as radio and television broadcasting, point-to-point radio communication, wireless local area network (LAN), cell phones, radar, medical systems, and spacecraft communication. Antennas are most commonly employed ...

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